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The safety and effectiveness of Lidocaine Hydrochloride depend on proper dosage, correct technique, adequate precautions, and readiness for emergencies. In its basic form, Lidocaine Hydrochloride is a white powder without smell and with a bitter taste that is used both in human and veterinary medicine. Lidocaine Hydrochloride is used as a local anesthetic and to regulate certain medical problems related to heart rhythm. Injections of Lidocaine Hydrochloride are used to provide local anesthesia during various minor surgical procedures.
l Does Lidocaine Hydrochloride do harm to our body?
l What is the maximum recommended dosage of Lidocaine Hydrochloride?
l How should we use Lidocaine Hydrochloride?
Adverse experiences following the administration of Lidocaine Hydrochloride are similar in nature to those observed with other amide local anesthetic agents. These adverse experiences of Lidocaine Hydrochloride are generally dose-related and may result from high plasma levels caused by excessive dosage, rapid absorption or inadvertent intravascular Lidocaine Hydrochloride injection, or may result from a hypersensitivity, idiosyncrasy or diminished tolerance on the part of the patient.
Manifestations of central nervous system are excitatory or depressant and may be characterized by lightheadedness, nervousness, apprehension, euphoria, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, tinnitus, blurred or double vision, nausea and vomiting, The excitatory manifestations may be very brief or may not occur at all, in which case the first manifestation of Lidocaine Hydrochloride may be drowsiness merging into unconsciousness and respiratory arrest. Drowsiness following the administration of Lidocaine Hydrochloride is usually an early sign of a high blood level of the drug and may occur as a consequence of rapid absorption.
Cardiovascular manifestations caused by Lidocaine Hydrochloride are usually depressant and are characterized by bradycardia, hypotension, and cardiovascular collapse, which may lead to cardiac arrest.
Allergic reactions are characterized by cutaneous lesions, urticaria, edema or anaphylactoid reactions. Allergic reactions may occur as a result of sensitivity to Lidocaine Hydrochloride but are infrequent. If allergic reactions of Lidocaine Hydrochloride do occur, they should be managed by conventional means. The detection of sensitivity to Lidocaine Hydrochloride by skin testing is of value.
For adults, the maximum individual dose of Lidocaine Hydrochloride should not exceed 4.5 mg/kg of body weight. In general, it is recommended that the maximum total dose of Lidocaine Hydrochloride does not exceed 300mg. For continuous epidural or caudal anesthesia, the maximum recommended dosage of Lidocaine Hydrochloride should not be administered at intervals of less than 90 minutes. When continuous lumbar or caudal epidural anesthesia is used for non-obstetrical procedures, more drug may be administered if required to produce adequate anesthesia. For intravenous regional anesthesia, the dose administered of Lidocaine Hydrochloride should not exceed 4 mg/kg in adults.
For children, it is difficult to recommend a maximum dose of Lidocaine Hydrochloride for children, since this varies as a function of age and weight. For children over 3 years of age who have a normal lean body mass and normal body development, the maximum dose of Lidocaine Hydrochloride is determined by the child’s age and weight. The use of even more dilute solutions and total dosages not to exceed 3 mg/kg are recommended for induction of intravenous regional anesthesia in children. In order to guard against systemic toxicity, the lowest effective concentration and lowest effective dose of Lidocaine Hydrochloride should be used at all times.
Because Lidocaine Hydrochloride is a prescription drug, the doctor must prescribe the medicine according to the condition and follow the doctor's prescription, including the usage, dosage, and time of administration. Do not self-administer drugs in accordance with the drug instructions without authorization. The Lidocaine Hydrochloride injection should be operated by a nurse in the hospital, and do not use it at home by yourself.
Lidocaine Hydrochloride patch: Use it one time every 24 hours and stick to the affected area for 12 hours. You can use up to 3 sticks at the same time.
Lidocaine Hydrochloride aerosol: For minor operations on the nasal cavity, mouth, and throat, spray 2 local sprays every 1 to 2 minutes, 3 sprays at a time, 4.5mg each time, 27mg in total. Don’t spray Lidocaine Hydrochloride exceed 100mg.
Lidocaine Hydrochloride gel: Apply a small amount of Lidocaine Hydrochloride gel to the external urethra. About 1 minute later, insert the tube head into the external urethra and slowly inject Lidocaine Hydrochloride into the urethra according to the dose. If it is a male patient, massage the urethral bulb at the same time for 3 to 5 minutes and then inject again.
Lidocaine Hydrochloride eye gel: Before eye examination, 2 drops at a time. If the operation time is too long, you can reuse Lidocaine Hydrochloride.
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